Until now, polygamy was prohibited for civil marriages in Guinea, even though it is widely practiced in religious marriages and no one is sanctioned for that.
Under the revised Civil Code, however, men can choose between the matrimonial regime of monogamy and polygamy, with a maximum of four wives.
Polygamy is a centuries-old practice in Africa that has yet to disappear from modern life. It has both cultural and religious origins, and it is generally accepted in 26 out of 54 African countries, particularly Muslim majority countries.
Critics of the practice say that it undermines women’s dignity and increases the risks of disease and poverty. In Guinea, the latest country to legalize polygamy, some women groups have protested the move, describing it as sexist.
Nanfadima Magassouba, a Guinea majority lawmaker who refused to vote on December 29, said the decision is a step backwards. “Women have their say. But what we fear here is that the family does not influence. We say that yes, the family can influence. And so, that’s why we do not want to go back to those achievements.” she told journalists.
But other activists have pointed out the positive sides of the new law for women. “Parental authority is recognized by both parents, not to mention the question of the profession. In this new revised Civil Code, a woman can choose her profession, without, however, upstream, having the authorization of her husband,” said Ibrahima Diallo, President of the NGO, Protect Human Rights.
Advances for the rights of children have also been highlighted in the revised Civil Code – children out of wedlock could receive an inheritance, the human rights activist added.
Scores of women have been compelled to live in polygamous marriages, a usual practice among men centuries ago who were in search of large families to cultivate the land.
Till date, countries such as Algeria, Mali, Niger, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, and so on, generally accept polygamy. In recent months, a court in Uganda threw out a petition to have polygamy declared unconstitutional.
Tanzanian President John Magufuli recently also told men to marry two or more wives to reduce the number of single women.